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1970 - 2020

Welcome to Budokan



Individually hand-made and  to a professional standard, visually attractive and the practical answer to comfortable meditation or a simple seating solution for improved posture.

Come in an meet some of the people past and present in Budokan.


with Passmore Sensei are available by arrangement.

Click here to contact him by email for further information.


Budokan is a member of the Nine Circles Giri discount scheme on mpst of their clothing and equipment.

If yoiu are a member of Budokan and wish to benefit from discounts  on offer - just email us and we will send yiou our username and passward.

You can then buy direct.

Iadio Shitsu



Learn how to do it to and for yourself






16C Japan



Budokan has many Teachers Maaters and Students to whom we owe so much.

We have now created a permanent presence  on the site, so that we can all remember who they were and be eternally grateful for the contribution they have made in the practice, promotion and dissemination of Japanese Budo.

Kindly visit the page.

Modern day practitioners of Japanese Budo do not include the essence of the spirit of Budo, because of the absence of the spirit of Zen. Shinto and Zen Buddhism and a better understanding of Bushido. more...

Budokan Founder and Mon


Founder of Budokan





7 December 2019






followed by


Budokan and Friends

Annual Gathering

at 7.30pm


Budokan People

...and what they are, or have been getting up to....

Budokan is made up of a load of interesting people.

And they are all doing something - it seems - most of the time - outside of the martial arts, that is.

So we want to record those times here on the Budokan website for all of us to share on a page dedicated to them.

Getting married

New ddition to the family

Moving House

Doing something for the first time.

Family get togethers.

Birthday celebrations

And so on.


Send your pics, videos and stories in when you can. here...


Zen 1


Budokan means House of Martial Ways




This was a teaching workshop - not a workout -  for Black Belts.


We began by having a short Zazen and then discussed the influence of the martial virtues have in our practice and in our daily lives, around mantra of Budokan Strong in Hand - Kind in Heart.

The majority of those present practise meditation daily and others 3-4 times a week, which is good, as this gives time for reflection on the virtues and how to manage feelings and emotions.


Although we may practise individual disciplines, we encourage students to consider them all as one, as the overlap is huge.


Here we chose Iaido with Bokken only in Training and Embu mode to warm up.

Karate Kata of Ananko - great for basics - was then selected to get everybody into the idea of how to be still within Kata.

After that we all practised Katame Waza - immobilisation - and Nage waza throwing techniques or projections.

Aikiken Randori followed with Fukoro Shinai

One step free sparriing came in for Karate after that.

Follwed by Tachi Dori or sword taking.

We ended up with Karate Jyu Kumite or free sparring.


Once again, according to our tradition, we focussed on the quality of our technique - the hallmark of Budokan - whatever discipline we were working on - helping each other to do the very best we could, accordig to our skills and abilities.


A great afternoon was had by all those lucky enough to make the workshop, which of course ended up in the White Hart for some good beer and pub grub.

Budokan coming together around the World

Japan Bahrain Brazil Australia South_Africa United_Kingdom United_States

2020 marks the year that Budokan will celebrate

the 60th year of its Founding in South Africa

and its 50th Anniversary in the UK

A double whammy for all Budokan people and friends, past and present, wherever they may be to attend various events that will be held next year to celebrate what Doshu began in the double garage of his home in Durban, South Africa in 1960.


Sensei Passmore left SA in 1970 to come to live in England and later that same year, founded Budokan UK in Northolt, London.


We shall be asking Budokan prople and frineds  past and present, wherever they are to help us produce an historical archive of Budokan during these two periods, from around the world.


This content will be collated and edited to provide the historical perspective that will become the foundation for the formal launch of Budokan World.

Interesting Archive material from 1986


Some archive material has surfaced from a weekend workshop at Crystal Palace in London in 1986.

Quality is watchable and thanks to Keith Molyneux for digitising it for us.


If anyone has any archive pictorial or video content that you think may be appropriate, kindly get in touch.


All 4 videos available here to view.

From those modest beginnings other Budokan dojo sprung up around the country  requiring students and instructors to travel hundreds of miles to cities and towns in this huge country to compete and train.


And yet, on average, each dojo would not have have more than 30 karate students or so at any one time.  


And there were only a handful of dojo.


The reality is that the numbers were small simply because teaching, instructing, training and practicing at this level of technical competence was the domain of the few.


Unlike the many sport karate marketing companies that have sprung up around the world, whose sole objective is to make money from Karate and to forget its rich historical legacy in the pantheon of Classical or Traditional Japanese Budo.


And so, a similar thing happened when Sensei Passmore opened Budokan UK in July 1970.


He was invited to attend a small Kyukoshinkai Dojo in Northolt in London and soon thereafter, he was asked to take the dojo over, which he did and Budokan in the UK was born.


By the end of that decade Aikido (Aikikai) and Iaido (Muso Shinden Ryu) had been added with a strong emphasis on Zazen of the Soto Sect of Zen Buddhism and during this time a small handful of dojo had sprung up, mainly in London and the South East of England.


The very high level of technical competence instilled in him by Doshu in his early Budokan Karate training,  (an eclectic mix of Shukukai Ryu, Shito Ryu and Goju Ryu) was evidenced in his Aikido and Iaido, whilst the daily practice of Zazen was instrumental in maintaining the mental clarity and resolution to honour our lineage.


Doshu has told Sensei Passmore that he has taken and maintained these high levels in his training  and teaching across all his disciplines surpassing anything that he - the Doshu - had imagined possible.


High praise indeed from someone so highly respected by so many peers around the world.


And over the years since he arrived here from South Africa in 1970, Sensei Passmore had only his experiences of the Doshu teachings to set the bar in technical excellence for him.


When he went on to Aikido and Iaido he had to set the bar for himself and to continue to learn, practice and apply all these disciplines to his understanding of Traditional Japanese Budo.


However, there was a single and what was to be the most powerful and inspirational motivation that the Sensei had in his toolbox, which kept him going through some difficult periods of his life.


It was the "Strong in Hand, Kind in Heart"  doctrine created by Richard Salmon and which became the mantra of Budokan.


It has its origin in the 8 classical virtues of Japanese Bushido which, in no particular order are - Honesty, Courage, Respect, Duty, Compassion, Justice, Loyalty and Humility.


And only a small number of people at any one time can aspire to all of these.

David Karta punch David Kicking Natal Team 1966 Dp 10 David in Class

Sensei Passmore attended his first ever class with Richard Salmon in the very large double garage of his home and later, along with a few other students, helped him build his first dojo above, from scratch in the grounds of an old quarry about 15 miles from the city of Durban.

Does anyone remember the classes of  the 1970’s - literally hundreds of participants per night in the TAVR Hall in Tunbridge Wells, during the height of the Bruce Lee popularity.


Only a handful would make it to the next level.

The renowned swordsmen of ancient Japan Miyamoto Musashi briefly opened a small fencing school 1612, a year after he began to practice Zazen.

He is considered a Kensei - a sword saint of Japan.  He was the founder of the Niten Ichi Ryu School - which used two swords - the katana and the wakizashi. And he often used two bokken (wooden swords) in his duels with swordsmen using steel blades.

Terao Maganojo was considered the favourite student of Musashi and he left him his life’s work Go Rin No Sho - The Book of Five Rings - and Dokkodo - The Path of Awareness just seven days before he died in 1645.

Musashi passed the succession of his Niten Ichi Ryu School to the elder brother of Maganojo and this highly specialised and much respected style still exists to this day.


By its very nature, Classical or Traditional Japanese Budo requires a very defined hands-on and hand-me-down method of technical exchange between teacher and student backed up by the study of each discipline, its descriptive language, the underlying philosophy and the practice of Zazen, often referred to as the cement that binds it all together with the engagement of the mind.

This is absolutely sacrosanct and ensures that the next generation benefit from precisely what was taught to their teacher and their teachers before them and so on, in order to protect the lineage of each discipline and the maintenance of technical excellence over the generations.


It is because of this that the various discipllines of Traditional Japanese Budo in its essential form can only be taught to a small number of students at any one time.

This picture of the Natal Karate Team was taken in this dojo in 1966 - the year Sensei received his 1st Dan Black Belt.


It is interesting to note that all six of the students representing this province (or county), came from Budokan.

Richard Salmon's training was relentless and the attention to technical detail staggering for the small group from which he selected his team, who knew how lucky they were, as he was one of the most brilliant technical exponents of Karate of his generation.


Some of you may remember Shihan Derrick Wridgway (seated centre) in the picture who came to visit us in Lymington a few years ago with his lovely wife Syl.  He was the captain of the team for many years.

Small is Beautiful for students learning Traditional Japanese Budo


In preparation for our 50th Anniversary next year we will be searching our archives so that we can bring you some idea, stories and observation of what the people of Budokan have been doing during this time.


If anyone has any archive pictorial or video content that you think may be appropriate, kindly get in touch



Budokan Archive Material